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Home » Introduction » Stakeholders » Target Groups

Non- Governmental Organizations

A non-governmental organization (NGO) is an organization that is not part of a government and was not founded by states. NGOs are therefore typically independent of governments. Although the definition can technically include for-profit corporations, the term is generally restricted to social, cultural, legal, and environmental advocacy group having goals that are noncommercial, primarily. NGOs are usually non-profit organizations that gain at least a portion of their funding from private sources. Current usage of the term is generally associated with the United Nations and authentic NGOs are those that are so designated by the UN. Because the label "NGO" is considered too broad by some, as it might cover anything that is non-governmental, many NGOs now prefer the term private voluntary organization (PVO).


A 1995 UN report on global governance estimated that there are nearly 29,000 international NGOs. National numbers are even higher: The United States has an estimated 2 million NGOs, most of them formed in the past 30 years. Russia has 65,000 NGOs.

Community Based Organizations

The term "community-based organization" means a private nonprofit organization, group that works within a community for the improvement of some aspect of that community. Community-based organizations deal with interventions at the community level and generally work with some social issue(s).

Academicians

People elected to honorary membership in an academy. Educators who work at a college or university


 
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