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South Asia Partnership Bangladesh

House 63, Block KA1
Mohammadpur Housing
Pisciculture Society Ltd.
Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh
GPO Box No. 4182

Mr. Syed Nurul Alam, Executive Director
Tel : 880-28112103/8114697, Telex : 642940 ADAB BJ
Fax : 880-28113033/8113095 Mr. Syed Nurul Alam, Executive Director
Tel : 880-28112103/8114697, Telex : 642940 ADAB BJ
Fax : 880-28113033/8113095v

Email :
Website :

South Asia Partnership (SAP-Bangladesh) is a registered national NGO that has been working in the field of rural development through capacity building of communities and local level small NGOs since 1984. The goal of SAP-Bangladesh is to bring about the sustainable and equitable social, economic and political development of disadvantaged people in Bangladesh by strengthening the efforts of the community at the grass-root level. Its primary intention is to develop and build partnerships between and among community groups, local NGOs and the International NGOs. The experience of partnership programming with the community and local NGOs scattered all over the country guided SAP-Bangladesh to formulate long term programs in some selective geographical areas, forming clusters with 14 NGOs. SAP-Bangladesh has started the long-term partnership approach with 14,000 CBOs in collaboration with the 14 local level NGOs in four clusters in Madaripur, Sirajgonj, Pabna, Dinajpur and Kurigram districts in April 1994 and will continue to the end of this year.

The objectives of SAP-Bangladesh are as follows: The objectives of SAP-Bangladesh are as follows:

• To foster and support networks of community based NGOs that can effectively facilitate sustainable community development in their areas and collectively address development issues

• To foster and support integrated, self-reliant and long term development programs in Bangladesh to benefit disadvantaged people

• To educate and support disadvantaged people so that they may assume their social, economical & political rights.
SAP-Bangladesh programs range from credit and income generation, to children and adult education, to agriculture to environmental conservation and policy advocacy. It started its Remote Island Development Project (RIDP) following the severe cyclone and flooding that hit Bangladesh in 1985. It has become a long-term project and has served over 15,000 families in nine unions. SAP-Bangladesh established a full-fledged training centre in 1999 complete with training room, hostel and all necessary equipment in order to assist and lead capacity building programs with local NGOs. In June 1998 after signing the peace agreement at Chittagong Hill Tracts, SAP-Bangladesh started to work with the community through its Integrated Rural Development Program to help those areas deprived of mainstream development due to political instability.
SAP Bangladesh promotes the empowerment and socio-economic advancement of women by providing support to women's organisations and through woman-focussed programs. Good governance is also an important area of concern. SAP-Bangladesh is governed by a national council of 18 members who bring many years of experience in NGO-led development in the field of Gender and Development, Civil Society, Human Rights and Women in Development.


Pop: 128 million

• GNP per capita: $360 (US$)

• Pop. with income below $1/day: 29%

• Literacy: Male= 49% Female=26%

• Life Expec.: M=58.1 F=58.2

• Military Expenditure as % of health and education spending: 80.4%

• Number of soldiers per 1,000 doctors: 6,000

• Electricity consumption (per capita kilowatt hours):30

South Asia Partnership Canada

1 Nicholas St., Suite 200
Ottawa, Ontario
K1N 7B7, Canada



Mr. Richard Harmston, Executive Director
Tel : 1-613-241-1333
Fax : 1-613-241-1129

Email :
Website :

South Asia Partnership Canada is a forum of Canadian organisations that, together with South Asian partners, works for sustainable human development in the region. Established in 1983, SAP encompasses a wide range of organisations. It has 22 member organisations, primarily international development NGOs working in South Asia, plus a much larger constituency of NGOs, social justice groups, universities, research and policy institutes, South Asian Canadian groups and corporations in Canada. The linkage between the SAP Canada network and the South Asian regional network of SAP partner organisations is unique. SAP Canada is the only Canadian organisation to bring together a wide array of Canadian and South Asian partners for the sole purpose of promoting human development in South Asia.

SAP Canada organises its programming in four areas: forums and events, linkages and exchanges, communications and South Asian support activities. The first three areas focus primarily within Canada, drawing heavily on cooperation and experience from South Asia. The fourth area is SAP Canada’s anchoring of and connection to development activities in the region. SAP Canada’s programming is solidly grounded in the work of partner organisations in Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka.
SAP Canada’s activities in Canada aim to increase learning and networking among other organisations about South Asian development issues. It determines its initiatives according to their value for public engagement with civil society and policy advocacy. With this base of activity in Canada, SAP encourages others to devote attention to and act on South Asian development themes. It facilitates linkages, cooperation and support for SAP International, SAP national organisations and other partners in the region.

Among the issues and themes on which SAP Canada has worked are: human development, local governance, community action, strengthening civil society, peace, human rights, livelihoods, and listening to people in poverty – all drawing on experience and ideas from South Asia and bringing them home to Canadians.
SAP Canada’s Secretariat of seven people is located in Ottawa, Canada’s capital. Its Board of Directors, also seven in number, is elected by the 22 member organisations. The Annual Meeting is usually held in June of each year.


Pop: 30 million

• GNP per capita: $19,640 (US$)

• Pop. with income below $1/day: 0.0

• Literacy: Male= 99% Female=99%

• Life Expec.: M=76 F=82

• Military Expenditure as % of health and education spending: 15%

• Number of soldiers per 1,000 doctors: (not available)

• Electricity consumption (per capita kilowatt hours): 20,904 Canada

Pop: 30 million

• GNP per capita: $19,640 (US$)

• Pop. with income below $1/day: 0.0

• Literacy: Male= 99% Female=99%

• Life Expec.: M=76 F=82

• Military Expenditure as % of health and education spending: 15%

• Number of soldiers per 1,000 doctors: (not available)

• Electricity consumption (per capita kilowatt hours): 20,904

South Asia Partnership Nepal

Old Baneshwor
G.P.O. 3827, Kathmandu, Nepal

Mr. Tirth Pd. Gyawali, Executive Director
Tel : +9771 4223230/ 4258782/ 4242845
Fax : +9771 4241338

Email :
Website :

South Asia Partnership-Nepal (SAP-Nepal) is a voluntary, non-government development organisation. Since its inception in 1985, it has developed its own approach to sustainable development from first-hand, grassroots experience. It has always promoted the building of the capacity of those working at the grassroots level for poverty alleviation. Having served as a donor agency for a decade, it officially assumed the role of a national NGDO in 1994. SAP-N firmly believes that as a national organisation, it can contribute more directly to the pursuit of developing human potential. Its aim is to tap such human resources and create opportunities for the marginalized to reach a decision-making level.

SAP - Nepal is currently operating through four regional offices, covering 62 of the 75 districts of Nepal, and has partnerships with about 1,000 Civil Society Organisations (CSOs). It not only helps develop participatory sustainable development models but also helps build development and gender perspectives by discussing current development issues with the local grassroots CSOs.
Nepal is still in a state of transition with a young democracy. There are new opportunities and NGDOs are now also facing monitoring pressures as the old order gives way to the new. SAP-Nepal is bracing itself for future challenges. The change in the Nepalese political system has brought along a change in the accountability procedure and the commitment of civil society organisations. Government and non-government organisations have taken the responsibility of alleviating poverty.
A few of SAP-Nepal’s programs:
The Long Term Partnership Program (LTPP) was introduced in 1991/92 as an integrated capacity-building program for partner organisations. The major features of those 5-year programs were social mobilization, human resource development and institutional development. For the first time, the concept of institutional capacity development along with paid volunteerism was introduced. The success of this program has led to its development and continuation in successive years.
The Human Resource Development Program (HRDP) was initiated by SAP-Nepal in 1989 with the objective of building the capacity of its partner NGDOs in social organisation, skills and participatory program management. The training is conducted in the areas from accounts, savings and credit management to situation analysis, gender and development, organisation management/development and program planning and management.

In 1997, SAP-N also initiated a diploma level course on Social Development Planning and Management (SDPM), the first of its kind in Nepal. This was created in response to the increasing need for committed and competent development workers for NGDOs working in rural areas.
In 1993 the Nepal India Conservation of Environment (NICE) Program was launched in the Mid-Western region of Nepal to promote the use of biogas as an alternative source of energy. This program also introduced the concept of multi-models and multi-donors. Similarly, other regional and international programs like the LAMP follow-up and the Capacity-building study also became regular features of SAP-N activities.
SAP-N has established three resource centres in different regions and one in Kathmandu to provide support services to partner and potential partner organisations. The resource centres were established under the first phase of one of SAP-N’s major on-going programs, "Participatory Approach towards Holistic Development" or the PATH Development Program. The goal of the second phase, started in January 2000, is the promotion of good governance for society building.


• Pop: 24 million

• GNP per capita: $220 (US$)

• Pop. with income below $1/day: 53%

• Literacy: Male= 41% Female=14%

• Life Expec.: M=57.6 F=57.1

• Military Expenditure as % of health and education spending: 25%

• Number of soldiers per 1,000 doctors: 35,000

• Electricity consumption (per capita kilowatt hours): 17

South Asia Partnership Pakistan

Haseeb Memorial Trust Building Nasirabad, 2 k.m. Raiwind Road
P.O. Thokar Niaz Beg
Lahore - 53700, Pakistan Haseeb Memorial Trust Building Nasirabad, 2 k.m. Raiwind Road
P.O. Thokar Niaz Beg
Lahore - 53700, Pakistan

Mr. Mohammad Tahseen, Executive Director
Tel : 92-42-5426470-3
Fax : 92-42-5411637/5426473
Email : / Mr. Mohammad Tahseen, Executive Director
Tel : 92-42-5426470-3
Fax : 92-42-5411637/5426473

South Asia Partnership-Pakistan (SAP-PK) is a non-sectarian, non-denominational, non-profit NGO that was founded by a group of leading Pakistani development and social activists in 1987. The organization's proper functioning started after the establishment of the secretariat two years later. SAP-PK 's mandate is to facilitate CBOs embarking upon the path of self-reliant, sustainable and participatory development.

SAP-PK envisages socio-economic changes that will equal opportunities for the full realization of human potential. It also believes that CBOs are the most effective instruments to address community problems.

SAP PK’s vision is to facilitate CBOs and groups working with the disadvantaged sections of society for their socio-economic improvement, leading to empowerment and self-reliance. It hopes to foster relationships with development organisations in South Asia, Canada and other Northern countries for a better understanding of issues and initiatives concerning the empowerment of Pakistan's people

SAP-PK embarked on a five-year program to bring about a positive social change with the following basic objectives:
• To strengthen the capacities of CBOs/NGOs, to be a catalyst and the facilitators of sustainable democratic community development and to contribute to policy dialogue at local, provincial and national levels

• To increase Canadian and international NGOs' involvement in Pakistan and to increase awareness of the country's development issues

SAP-PK is made up of a General Body, National Council and Secretariat managed by professional staff. It has translated the objectives and goals into the following four broad areas of action:

1 Provide program support to Pakistani CBOs, NGOs and other civil society organisations working for sustainable participatory development

2 Extend capacity building support to Pakistani CBOs/NGOs to help them develop into viable and sustainable organisations

3 Promote Canadian and international NGO partnerships with Pakistani grassroots NGOs

4 Promote foreign NGOs' and people's understanding of the participatory micro-development processes unfolding in Pakistan


• Pop: 153 million

• GNP per capita: $500 (US$)

• Pop. with income below $1/day: 12%

• Literacy: Male= 50% Female=24%

• Life Expec.: M=62.9 F=65.1

• Military Expenditure as % of health and education spending: 148.7%

• Number of soldiers per 1,000 doctors: 9,000

• Electricity consumption (per capita kilowatt hours): 176

South Asia Partnership Sri Lanka

6 Sakviti Lane,
Colombo 5.
Sri Lanka

Dr. Ms. Padma Ratnayake, Executive Director
Tel : 504201/507320
Fax : 504201

Sri Lanka has an estimated population of 19 million with a landmass of 66,610 square kilometres. It has a vibrant history, with records dating back to 543 BC. Modern Sri Lanka is a multi-ethnic society. Ethnically, its population consists of Sinhalese (74%), Tamils (18%), Muslims and Burghers. Sinhala, Tamil and English are spoken on the island and Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and Christianity are practiced.

The majority of Sri Lanka’s population lives in rural areas. The economy remains agriculture-based and absorbs approximately 40% of the labour force in plantation and farm production. The main crops are tea, rubber coconut and rice. Sri Lanka has also experienced growth in export-based manufacturing and service and has established export promotion zones in the country.

Sri Lanka ranks first among major South Asian nations in terms of human development. Despite its wealth of natural and human resources, the country continues to struggle with ethnic conflict and uneven distribution of wealth.Much of the country’s rural population live in areas without safe drinking water, poor housing and inadequate infrastructure.

South Asia Partnership Sri Lanka (SAPSRI) was established in 1981 and has been actively involved in supporting over 500 village-based organisations to uplift the socio-economic status of the country’s marginalized population. In its early years, SAPSRI acted primarily as an intermediary between community-based organisations and donor agencies.

In 1992, SAPSRI focussed its efforts on long-term development by introducing the Cluster Development Program, which forms the core of SAPSRI programs today.
The Cluster Development Program is a people-centred development model that links groups with shared concerns into self-reliant communities. The Cluster Development Program, now active in more than 150 villages in 10 districts across the country, helps to empower individuals by strengthening their capacity to improve their lives and communities

At the present time, SAPSRI continues to build human capacity through programs that focus on the following areas: human resource development, enterprise development, child -focussed development, promotion of peace and harmony and local governance.
SAPSRI has broadened its network of support to include innovative partnerships with international non-governmental organisations, citizen’s groups and the private sector.

Sri Lanka

Pop: 19 million

• GNP per capita: $800 (US$)

• Pop. with income below $1/day: 4%

• Literacy: Male= 93% Female=87%

• Life Expec.: M=70.9 F=75.4

• Military Expenditure as % of health and education spending: 107.5%

• Number of soldiers per 1,000 doctors: 25,000

• Electricity consumption (per capita kilowatt hours): 113

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